Yorktown, when The World Turned Upside Down…

GIF courtesy of Giphy.com

Lately, we have started studying the hit Broadway musical, Hamilton, written by Lin-Manuel Miranda, so popular that it is sold out until the end of 2017. Some of the songs have become by far my most favorite songs, and perhaps,

GIF courtesy of Giphy.com

if you have never listened to them before, you will be shocked about the quality and “amazingness” of the songs. It is so good it even won the Tony Award, 2016, being awarded in 11 out of 16 nominations in actors and others, plus the overall Best Musical award. Check out the lyrics and insights of the song on Rapgenius.com or listen on Spotify. I encourage you to check it out, as it may just change your life in how you think about the Revolution.


GIF courtesy of Giphy.com – Hamilton and Washington salute in “History Has Its Eyes On You”

You are going to be learning about the song “Yorktown (The World TurnedUpside Down)” in this blog post. You may wish to see the previous song, “History Has Its Eyes On You” which no one has done, or to go to “Guns and Ships” in Deon’s post. The song after this one is “What Comes Next” presented to you by Phia.


Yorktown (The World Turned Upside Down)

OK, above you get two choices, an animation or the presentation on the Tony Awards night. In the second video, it starts with “History Has its Eyes On You”, which I skipped. Now that you can put together an idea of the song, lets take the song all apart. Also, since you may not have the lyrics for whatever reason, plus it being hard to explain without visuals, I am not going to explain the significance of lines, but rather the song as a whole.

First of all, I want to share with you some background information. The Battle of Yorktown, or The Siege of Yorktown, is the last mayor land battle in the American Revolution. General Washington led the Continental Army  to surround Lt. General Cornwallis’ army encamped near Yorktown with the help of the ships of the French Navy. There were two Redoubts, which are like temporary forts, and Hamilton was sent to capture Redoubt #10.

This song connects to a lot of historical elements and things in the Socials 9 PLOs. For one thing, it reminds us of long conflict between France and England, shown in how France is easily convinced by Lafayette to send thousands of soldiers with warships to aid this feeble revolution pulled out by a “ragtag volunteer army in need of a shower”. It also shows how the Americans by now, have gotten used to the “guerrilla warfare” suggested by

GIF courtesy of Giphy.com

Washington, and instead of open combat, they attack stealthily by night. This strategy was later deployed by Afghanistan and Vietnam against the US, notably. The success of the Americans using this tactics had led to everyone doing it nowadays. The battle marked the start of the “American Experiment”, which convinced other societies that they can win a revolution and be able to govern as well, especially seen in France. Some of the content areas and big ideas include:

  • Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events.
    • the idea of guerrilla warfare and quick raids was popularized to
      GIF courtesy of Giphy.com

      more societies as they see its success against a better trained army, and have started to use them themselves, dramatically affecting the outcome of some wars.

    • the idea that America can rise and rebel convinced other societies to rise up as well
  • Collective identity is constructed and can change over time.
    • the identity of the 13 colonies into the United States in the eyes of others and itself
  • Political, social, economical and technological revolutions
    • the battle, a kind of social revolution, resulted in political revolution and economical revolution thereafter.


This song, in my opinion, is one of the best songs in the musical, but everyone thinks that about their song, so it doesn’t really matter. The thing I like the most about this song is the change of melody and rhythm in the song with the different monologues while still under an overall theme, making the song very dramatic and unpredictable, so you would want to listen for more. Smooth transitions in between the different “solos” also occurred seamlessly, most of the parts, so it is hardly noticeable when “I’m not throwing away ma shot.” transformed into “I imagined death so much it feels like a memory.” Roughly, the song goes from the dialogue between Hamilton and Lafayette, to throwing away my shot, to imagine death like a

GIF courtesy of Giphy.com – Hercules Mulligan

memory, to the fast paced orders Hamilton gave, to the even faster paced Hercules Mulligan’s introduction, who needs no introduction. Like a story, these parts resemble the rising action of a story, and it sort of reaches the climax after Hercules Mulligan’s dialogue. After that, it goes into falling action and resolution, with the Americans repeating the words, “We won!” It is probably the thing I like most about this song, how it fuses independent rhythms and melodies together to form one big song of courage and proudness.




This song contributes to the collective identity of the characters, and is also like the climax of scene one in the musical. In this song we see Hamilton express a wish other than his own legacy or for his own sake, like how Eliza in “Burn” said, “You and your words, obsessed on your legacy… You, you, you…” The song hints about Hamilton’s death in how Lafayette said, to Hamilton for the last time, “I will see you on the other side”, and later in “The World was Wide Enough” Hamilton mentions how he will see his friends in the other side. The song also gives us an idea of where Hercules Mulligan had been since he disappeared in “The Story of Tonight” I think. This song, in my opinion, is crucial to the musical, because the event it describes is the deciding battle of the Revolution. The next song ties in to this song as well: with the King questioning, “What Comes Next“, after the Revolution. Overall, the song links to other songs in the musical and advances the plot and the character’s identity significantly.


Bye for now…

Bye – GIF of Giphy.com
GIF of Giphy.com
GIF from Giphy.com

Is it Midterm, or is this only an illusion in our heads


Not saying that I’m too happy Socials is going to be over, according to simply an idea/concept in our mind, we are now half way through Socials 9! Before you go further, I would just like you to know that I would be referring to BC’s new curriculum for Socials 9. For you to understand better of what I learnt during these brief yet long, real yet unreal months, here I present to you this outline that I made based on three big ideas:

Collective Identity is constructed and can change over time.

  • USA presidential election
    • Our views on each presidential candidate changes dramatically based on what they say or do, resulting more complete understanding of the identity of the candidates
  • Christopher Columbus
    • After reading about Columbus’ terrible deeds on the native people of

      America, we realized that Christopher Columbus is not the happy, brave adventurer that our culture said he is. This changes our view on his identity



  • Justin Trudeau
    • he seemed like an honest and “pretty” guy, but his approval of the Kinder Morgan Trans-mountain

      Pipeline, to me, seems like a broken promise. Trudeau promised to consult and respect the First-Nations people at the elections, and they are clearly opposing this pipeline. He is also ignoring the complaints of the British Columbian people and the statement he made about protecting the environment. Our views on him won’t be the same.

                   “He painted himself as a defender of the environment. ” – Globalnews.ca

  • These tie in with the content areas :
  • The continuing effects of imperialism and colonialism on the indigenous people
  • Local, regional and global conflicts

Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies.

  • Worldly Matters/ US superiority
    • Giphy.com

      because the US is a global superpower, its words/actions have more impact and weighted more compared to others countries. For example, many countries was greatly concerned about Donald Trump’s presidency because the US have the power, ambition and social standing to make things worse for them while not many would care if a smaller country had a new president. 

  • The Pope and Kings after the fall of Rome/ Middle Ages/ Martin Luther
    • the Pope had too much power and is becoming corrupted, but because of the amount of power he possess, almost no one would dare to oppose him openly, not even kings. Well, kings won’t oppose the Pope because he is benefiting them as well, but the point is that kings are somewhat inferior to the Pope, and while kings usually listen to the Pope, the Pope rarely listens to what kings tell him. This suggests an unequal relationship between kings and the Pope, caused by the amount of power the Pope possess.
  • Christopher Columbus and the native Americans
    • Columbus had more advanced technology and knowledge than the indigenous people, so he was able to make them his slaves and conquer them, forcing them to adapt to the systems of the Europeans. The disparity in power between the two caused the imbalance of relationships.
  • These are related to the content areas of:
  • The effect of imperialism and colonialism on the indigenous people
  • Nationalism
  • local, regional and global conflicts

Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events.

  • Printing press/Martin Luther
    • Obviously, the printing press is an example that is quite … obvious. The new technology, or idea that we could reproduce pamphlets for a cheap price that could be spread very quickly, led to the success of Martin Luther. Without a way to quickly spread his ideas to be able to influence enough people, he wouldn’t have beaten the Pope.
  • Donald Trump and his wall
    • Donald Trump proposed that the US, too, should have a wall like China. The purpose of this wall is to block the evil and greedy Mexicans that are rapists and murderers. Through this, he stirred up a new wave of racism and discrimination. Trump managed to convince many to believe in what he says and actually believe that all Mexicans and Muslims are bad. As a result, a lot of people in the social minorities will face discrimination and bias.
  • E-Learning
    • the idea that sometimes using the internet to learn can be more effective than lecture-style teaching inspired people to learn more on their own time, dramatically improving work efficiency as well. It led to concepts such as flipped classrooms and mastery learning, which is at times difficult to incorporate into a normal classroom. More people managed to find what they love because of the choices available on the internet, and many found learning more pleasant.
  • These examples are related to the content areas of :
  • Social, political, economical and technological revolutions
  • Discrimatory policies, altitudes, and historical wrongs

Curricular Competencies



  • Evidence
    • I usually just think about evidence and quotes, but don’t list them properly as sources. I should seek in trying to find CRAAP based sources for most of my projects through Internet searches. 
  • Social Studies Inquiry Process
    • I think I need to improve on this because I don’t even know what exactly we need to do for it, like what is “Social Studies inquiry skills/processes”. I think of it as just asking more questions, analyzing in a effective and complete way and “inquiring” more. 
  • Continuity and change
    • I didn’t do a lot of comparing  different groups at the same time period. I guess looking at the opinions of different groups towards Trump counts as one, but I would like to do more. This could also be tied in with perspective and significance so I think I next time I should tied it in when I mention about those topics.

That’s all for today, stayed tuned!!!